This simple classic Italian pasta recipe relies on good quality ingredients and proper technique to shine. Rich and creamy pasta perfection!
When life gets hectic, I default to daydreaming about simpler times. Lately I’ve been reminiscing a lot about the trip we took to northern Italy a few years back. It’s had me thinking a lot about pasta, and a lot about wine.
Okay, truthfully it’s been less thinking and mostly just consuming. I just can’t seem to get enough wine into my system these days. Pasta is always my go-to meal for busy nights since it’s fast, cheap, and satisfying. A big bowl of pasta and a nice glass of wine is probably my all time favorite comfort meal. It fills my belly, helps me forget about the day, and always makes me nice and sleepy for an early, cozy bedtime.
Cacio e Pepe is a classic pasta dish from Rome. It’s one of those dead simple, few-ingredient, yet totally mind-blowing recipes that Italy is known for. Cacio refers to the Roman name for Pecorino Romano cheese and Pepe means pepper. That’s basically all it is: pasta with cheese and pepper. It sounds rather unassuming, but like so many other Italian recipes, it all boils down to technique. (That was a pasta pun just in case you missed it.)
Without proper technique you can easily wind up with something that’s mushy, watery, oily, overly salty, and/or clumpy. But when you take your time and do it right, you’ll end up with a bowl of perfectly al dente pasta in a velvety, salty-but-not-too-salty, and definitively peppery sauce. It’s no wonder why this formerly overlooked classic has gotten so much attention lately. It’s absolutely dream-worthy.
There are a few key tricks to getting Cacio e Pepe just right. First, lets talk about the pasta water. Typically I always stress the importance of cooking pasta in a large pot of heavily salted water in order to season the pasta and give it room to move around as it cooks. However, for this recipe it’s important to use as little water as possible and to make sure the water isn’t too salty. We’ll be using that pasta water to make the sauce along with lots of Pecorino Romano cheese. And since the cheese is very salty, we need to make sure we don’t overdo it with the water (something I learned the hard way). In addition, cooking the pasta in less water will ensure that it becomes extra starchy, and extra starchy water will reduce down to make the sauce thick and creamy.
Freshly cracked black pepper is crucial. After all, it’s in the name. I like to coarsely grind lots of fresh pepper straight into a warm pan with some butter. Toasting the pepper before making the sauce helps to coax out and enhance it’s flavor. Cooking the pasta super al dente is also essential, as it will continue to cook in the pan. Even a slightly mushy texture will throw the whole dish out of whack. Transfer some pasta water into the pan with the pepper and let it reduce down a bit.
Add the pasta, then turn the heat down super low. Add the cheese a little bit at a time while tossing so that it melts gently into the sauce and ensures every piece of pasta is coated. Do it too quickly with the heat too high and it will clump up into gummy gobs. Patience, grasshoppers. Good quality ingredients here are key. Use the best Pecorino Romano cheese you can get your hands on (I like Locatelli best). Some recipes will tell you that you can swap out a parmesan, like Reggiano or Grana Padano, for the Pecorino, but I disagree. That sharp, salty bite just can’t be replicated with any other cheese.
A little bit of butter is all we need to finish the sauce and make it extra rich and glossy. I like to finish it with even more freshly cracked black pepper and of course more grated cheese. There’s always room for more grated cheese.
One Year Ago: Crispy + Chewy Chocolate Chunk Cookies, Rhubarb Almond Cake with Bourbon Whipped Cream, Spring Chicken Pot Pies, Radish Toasts with Chive Butter
Two Years Ago: Philadelphia Style Lemon Ice Cream, Asparagus + Goat Cheese Quiche, Sweet Pea Gnocchi with Tarragon Pea Cream, No Fail Kale Chips
Three Years Ago: Best Ever Brown Butter Chocolate Chip Cookies
- salt, for seasoning pasta water
- 4 tablespoons unsalted butter, divided
- 1 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper, plus more for finishing
- ½ lb (8 ounces) spaghetti or other long pasta
- 1 cup finely grated Pecorino Romano cheese, plus more for finishing
- Bring a medium pot of water up to a boil using just enough water to cover the spaghetti. Season with salt, but go easy. Drop spaghetti into boiling water and cook according to package directions until very al dente. Reserve 1 cup of pasta water, then drain.
- Melt 2 tablespoons butter in a medium skillet, then add the pepper. Swirl around for about 1 minute until the pepper is fragrant and toasted.
- Add ¼ cup of pasta water to the pan and bring up to a boil, then add the pasta and turn off the heat. Add half of the cheese while tossing and swirling the pasta around, then add the remaining cheese and butter. Continue tossing the pasta until it creates a thick, velvety sauce. Add more pasta water a little bit at a time to thin out the sauce as needed. Taste for seasoning and adjust accordingly.
- Transfer to bowls and serve immediately with more pepper and cheese on top.